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ISSN 2410-7751 (Print)
ISSN 2410-776X (Online)

 2 2014

"Biotechnologia Acta" v. 7, no 2, 2014
Р. 92-105, Bibliography 52, English.
Universal Decimal classification: 616.379-008.64


O. A. Akinloye1, E. A. Balogun2, S. O.  Omotainse1, O. O.Adeleye1

1Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
2Department of Veterinary Pathology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

The study was aimed to investigate some untoward effects that could be associated with the use of P. nitida as hypoglycemic agent using some biochemical and histological evidences.

The antioxidant property of the plant was determined by using 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity. Biochemical studies in plasma using determining the testes such as blood glucose, alanine and aspartate aminotransferases, gamma glutamyl transferase activities, electrolytes (sodium, potassium and bicarbonate, lipid peroxidation levels, haematological parameters (red blood cell and whole blood cell, platelets,  and lymphocyte counts), blood glucose level, lipid profile, and also liver and kidney function tests  were  performed. Histopathological examinations of the liver, kidney and pancreas were done following the standard Heamatoxylin and Eosin staining method.

Methanol extract of the seeds has the highest antioxidant level (36.73%), indicating higher free radical scavenging activity; followed by aqueous extract (19.36%) and coconut water extract (4.09%). There was significant reduction (P<0.05) in blood glucose of all the treated rats at the end of the experiment (ranging from 55.59% to 41.66%). Significant increase (P<0.05) in body weights of the treated rats were also observed at the end of the treatment (ranging from 9.26% to 38.89%). There was a significant (P<0.05) increase in the hematological parameters in all the extract treated groups. There was also significant decrease (P<0.05) in the lipid profiles of the treated groups. Plasma studied enzymes  activities  decreased in all treated groups. Ionoregulatory disturbances observed included hyperkalemia and hypernatremia in all the treated groups but were reduced significantly (P<0.05) at the end of the treatment. Urea and bicarbonate concentrations and also of lipid peroxidation level decreased significantly in all the groups. The histopathological studies revealed that the extracts were unable to ameliorate some observable pathologic conditions associated with induced diabetic tissues. Although, diabetes mellitus have been reported to be associated with varied histological changes in different organs, in this study, histological examinations of the pancreas of the treated and untreated groups showed varying degree of degenerations but the extent of severity in the lesions were more pronounced in the extract treated groups. In this relation the obtained results of  this study which revealed the hypoglycemic and antioxidant potentials of Picralima nitida seed extracts for the treatment of diabetes mellitus   should be taken with caution in administering the P.nitida seed extract as an hypoglycemic agent.

Key words: Picralima nitida, diabetes mellitus, biochemical, histological evidences.

© Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2014


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