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ISSN 1995-5537

1 2008

“Biotechnology” journal Vol. 1, No. 1, 2008
P. 12-27, Bibliography. 38, Ukr.
Universal Decimal classification: 547.9

Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

Plant biomass is renewable feedstock forchemical industry. The review is devoted to a scope of biomass usage in production of basic organic chemicals and main technological directions of biomass processing. The processes are mainly based on cellulose and carbohydrates using that are transformed into final products by chemical procedures or fermentation technologies. A whole series of these processes are already applied in industrial scale, and an area of their utilization is permanently growing. A number of chemical products can be isolated from plants directly including genetically modified species. Progress of chemical technology and biotechnology enables to substitute near 50-70% oil feedstock by biomass that is created the basis for sustainable development of organic chemical industry.

Кey words: biomassa, enzyme, organic chemicals, sugars, cellulose, natural substances.

© Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2008