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ISSN 2410-7751 (Print)
ISSN 2410-776X (Online)

"Biotechnologia Acta" v. 6, no. 2, 2013
Р. 97-106, Bibliography 13, English.
Universal Decimal classification: 634.8:632.93:661.74:663.2


V. N. Bayraktar

Odesa Mechnikov National University, Ukraine

The biochemical constituents in wine stocks that influence the flavor and quality of wine are investigated in the paper. The tested parameters consist of volume fraction of ethanol, residual sugar, phenolic compounds, tartaric, malic, citric, lactic, acetic acids, titratable acidity and volatile acids. The wine stocks that were received from white and red grape varieties Tairov`s selection were tested. There was a correlation between titratable acidity and volatile acids in the wine stocks from white and red grape varieties. High correlation was also found between lactic and acetic acids, between volatile acids, acetic acid and sugar. It was determined that wine stocks with a high concentration of ethanol originated from those yeast strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in a fermented grape must of high speed of enzyme activity. The taste of wine stocks correlated with the ratio of tartaric to malic acid. Analysis showed significant differences between the varieties of white and red wine stocks in concentrations of organic acids, phenolic compounds, residual sugar, and volume fraction of ethanol. Positive correlation was indicated for both studied groups for volatile acids and acetic acid, tartaric, malic, lactic acids and total sugar. Prospective yeast cultures with high productivity of alcohol (ethanol) were selected for winemaking biotechnology.

Key words: organic acids, grape varieties, Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

© Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2013