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ISSN 2410-776X (Online),
ISSN 2410-7751 (Print)

 5 2013

"Biotechnologia Acta" v. 6, no. 5, 2013
Р.62-78, Bibliography122, Ukrainian
Universal Decimal classification: 577.19: 581.192.7:633.3


V. D. Naumenko, B. V. Sorochinsky, V. I. Kolychev

PI “Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics” of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

Biological properties, chemical structures and biosynthesis pathways of plant isoflavones, especially soybean isoflavones (daidzein, genistein and glycitein) are reviewed. The structures of isoflavones, and their aglicone and glucosides (glycosides) forms as well as isoflavone biosynthesis pathways are described. General information about the advanced methods for the detection of isoflavones and their conjugates are considered. The importance of the profiling of isoflavones, flavonoids and their conjugates by means of analytical tools and methods to dissolve some questions in biology and medicine is discussed. The review provides data on the major isoflavone content in some vegetable crops and in the tissues of different soybean varieties. Health benefits and treatment or preventive properties of isoflavones for cancer, cardiovascular, endocrine diseases and metabolic disorders are highlighted. The mechanisms that may explain their positive biological effects are considered. The information on the application of advanced technologies to create new plant forms producing isoflavonoids with a predicted level of isoflavones, which is the most favorable for the treatment is given. The possibilities to use the metabolic engineering for the increasing of accumulation and synthesis of isoflavones at the non-legume crops such as tobacco, Arabidopsis and maize are considered. The examples how the plant tissues, which are not naturally produced of the isoflavones, can obtain potential for the synthesis of biologically active compounds via inducing of the activity of the introduced enzyme isoflavon synthase, are given. Specific biochemical pathways for increasing the synthesis of isoflavone genistein in Arabidopsis thaliana tissues are discussed. It is concluded that plant genetic engineering which is focused on modification of the secondary metabolites contain in plant tissues, enables to create the new crop varieties with improved agronomic properties and nutritional characteristics.

Key words: isoflavones, daidzein, genistein, glycitein, soy, biosynthesis, biological properties, metabolic engineering.

© Інститут біохімії ім. О. В. Палладіна НАН України, 2013