Biotechnologia Acta

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"Biotechnologia Acta" V. 12, No 4, 2019
https://doi.org/10.15407/biotech12/04/057

THE MECHANISM OF CLOTS FORMATION IN BLOOD PLASMA UNDER THE ACTION OF CHITIN DERIVATIVES

Spiridonov V.H., Ushkalov V.O, Chernyshenko T.M., Kolesnikova I.M.,
Gornitska O.V.,  Stognij E.M, Petik A.V.

Abstract

The aim of the research was to find out the clot formation by the action of chitin derivates. The biochemical and immunologic investigation methods such as obtaining of fibrinogen, chitosan derivates, electrophoresis in PAAG, Western blot analysis, ELISE, the activated partial thromboplastin time and prothrombin time coagulological tests were used in these studies. The next results were obtained: chitin derivatives in equal measure cause the clot formation in whole blood, blood plasma and fibrinogen solution; the fibrinogen precipitate formed as a result of their action, practically does not contain fibrin; chitosan does not cause the activation of coagulation factors and the absence of newly-formed fibrin confirms it; the addition of calcium chloride to fibrinogen solution in concentration-dependent manner inhibits effect of chitosan.

Thus, under the action of chitosan, a fibrinogen precipitate forms due to the destabilization of its molecule by the lack of calcium. Absence of fibrin degradation products excludes the possibility of the fibrinolytic system activation and physiological degradation of the clot. It makes no sense to use haemostatic drugs based on chitosan in clinical practice.

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