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Home Archive 2016 № 4 BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPROACHES FOR CONSERVATION OF THE ENDANGERED SPECIES Crambe koktebelica (JUNGE) N. BUSCH AND EFFECT OF ASEPTIC IN VITRO CULTIVATION ON ITS BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES N. O. Pushkarova, M. S. Kalista, M. A. Kharkhota, D. B. Rakhmetov, M. V. Kuchuk
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SSN 2410-7751 (Print)
ISSN 2410-776X (Online)

"Biotechnologia Acta" V. 9, No 4, 2016
https://doi.org/10.15407/biotech9.04.019
Р. 19-27, Bibliography 31, English
Universal Decimal Classification: 581.192: 502.4

BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPROACHES FOR CONSERVATION OF THE ENDANGERED SPECIES Crambe koktebelica (JUNGE) N. BUSCH AND EFFECT OF ASEPTIC IN VITRO CULTIVATION ON ITS BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES

N. O. Pushkarova 1, M. S. Kalista 2, M. A. Kharkhota 3, D. B. Rakhmetov 4, M. V. Kuchuk 1

1 Institute of Cell Biology and Genetic Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
2 National Museum of Natural History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
3 Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
4 Gryshko National Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

The aim of the study was to establish efficient protocols of seed surface sterilization with further multiplication in vitro for threatened species Crambe koktebelica (Junge) N. Busch and to show the effect of biotechnological approach (in vitro cultivation) of biodiversity conservation on plants biochemical properties. Seed surface sterilization was carried out according to the original method with further microclonal multiplication of aseptic sprouts from lateral buds on the Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with different concentrations of growth regulators. Fatty acid content was determined using Gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry of fatty acid ethers. Antioxidant activity was determined using 2.2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging method. Total soluble protein content was measured using Bradford method and polyfructan content determination was based upon ketosugars ability to color in the acidic environment with resorcinol. Plants that were grown under in vitro and in vivo conditions and seeds were used in this research. Efficient protocol of surface sterilization that resulted in 45% of aseptic seed material 50% of which has sprouted was elaborated for C. koktebelica as well as fast microclonal multiplication methods that provided with up to 5.25 ± 0.50 new formed plantlets from 1 lateral bud (on the MS medium that contained 1 mg/L of 6-benzylaminopurine). It was also shown that aseptic cultivation benefits to saturated fatty acid accumulation and increases protein content but on the other hand it reduces unsaturated fatty acid amount and polyfructan content as well as antioxidant activity of plant material. Obtained data confirms the prospect of biotechnology approach to biodiversity conservation and suggest the necessity of father in vitro cultivation effect on biochemical composition of plant study.

Key words: Crambe koktebelica, biodiversity conservation, in vitro cultivation.

© Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2016

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Home Archive 2016 № 4 BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPROACHES FOR CONSERVATION OF THE ENDANGERED SPECIES Crambe koktebelica (JUNGE) N. BUSCH AND EFFECT OF ASEPTIC IN VITRO CULTIVATION ON ITS BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES N. O. Pushkarova, M. S. Kalista, M. A. Kharkhota, D. B. Rakhmetov, M. V. Kuchuk

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