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Home Archive 2015 № 4 NEW STRAIN PRODUCERS OF BIOBUTANOL. III. METHODS OF INCREASED BUTANOL ACCUMULATION FROM BIOMASS OF SWITCHGRASS Panicum virgatum L. Tigunova O. O., Shulga S.M.

ISSN 2410-7751 (Print)
ISSN 2410-776X (Online)

Biotechnologia Acta
V. 8, N 4, 2015

"Biotechnologia Acta" V. 8, No 4, 2015
https://doi.org/10.15407/biotech8.04.092
Р. 92-97, Bibliography 18, English
Universal Decimal Classification: 579.222

NEW STRAIN PRODUCERS OF BIOBUTANOL.
III. METHODS OF INCREASED BUTANOL ACCUMULATION FROM BIOMASS OF SWITCHGRASS Panicum virgatum L.

Tigunova O. O., Shulga S. M.

State Organization “Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

The aim of this work was to enlarge accumulation of butanol from switchgrass Panicum virgatum L. biomass using strains-producers obtained from grounds and silts of Kyiv lakes. The objects of the study were strains of C. acetobutylicum ІМВ B-7407 (IFBG C6H), Clostridium acetobutylicum IFBG C6H 5М and Clostridium tyrobutyricum IFBG C4B from the "Collections of microbial strains and lines of plants for food and agricultural biotechnology" of the Public Institution "Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics" of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Gas chromatography was used to determine the alcohol concentration at the stage of solvent synthesis. To determine the effect of butanol precursors during cultivation, butyric, lactic and acetic acids were used. Optimization of processing parameters, which was based on the needs of cultures, allowed us to increase the yield by 20 and 50% for the initial and mutant strain respectively. Using synthetic precursors (such as lactic, butyric and acetic acid) during cultivation increased total concentration of butanol by 1.7 times. To optimize the process, a study was carried out using acetone- butyl grains. Using of acetone-butyl grains in concentrations up to 60% does not affect the synthesis of butanol by C. acetobutylicum IFBG C6H 5M. Increasing the concentration of grains led to decrease in accumulation of butanol. Almost double increase in accumulation of the target product (butanol) was achieved using two-stage fermentation and/or precursors of synthesis. It was shown the possibility of using acetone-butyl grains in fermentation. As a result the mass fraction of the waste was reduced.

Key words: butanol, switchgrass Panicum virgatum L., producer strains Clostridium.

© Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2008

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Home Archive 2015 № 4 NEW STRAIN PRODUCERS OF BIOBUTANOL. III. METHODS OF INCREASED BUTANOL ACCUMULATION FROM BIOMASS OF SWITCHGRASS Panicum virgatum L. Tigunova O. O., Shulga S.M.

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