Biotechnologia Acta


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ISSN 2410-7751 (Print)
ISSN 2410-776X (Online)

Biotechnologia Acta V. 13, No 1, 2020
Р. 5-14, Bibliography 67, English
Universal Decimal Classification: 614.253 + 573.6 + 616-092


V. Yu. Shcherbyna

National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kiev Polytechnic Institute”

With the development of biomedical technologies, scientists are faced with new thresholds of moral and ethical framework of society. Therefore, to conduct further experiments that can be in line with generally accepted norms of morality, it is necessary to develop a number of bioethical principles in order to be able to control the situation and to prevent "crimes against conscience". Among other biotechnological direction, the field of assisted reproductive technology (ART) is rapidly progressing with many new advances in the last decade. From these circumstances, it is necessary to point out areas of technology that may be controversial or were new enough to require proper ethical control.

The focus of this review was to analyze existing international documents related to biomedical research, to identify their advantages and disadvantages, and to describe the ethical problems of the use of the latest advances in the field of reproductive medicine. Thus, the main objectives described in the article were: i) to analyze the feasibility of the current biomedical research and to highlight the main problems of bioethics; ii) to discuss existing international documents related to bioethics and biomedicine; iii) to describe the current achievements of reproductive medicine and to highlight the problems of their implementation in life.

Key words: bioethics, reproductive medicine, Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine, human cloning, transplantation, assisted reproductive technology (ART)

© Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2020

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